Health and prevention

Coronavirus in Switzerland – FAQs

NEWS
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Source: iStock.com / Kira-Yan

Coronavirus arrived in Switzerland on 25 February, when the first case of an infected person was confirmed. Since then, a series of measures have been taken in a bid to contain this new virus and the COVID-19 illness it causes.

FAQs: health insurance

If I have coronavirus, do I absolutely have to go to the hospital or can I place myself in quarantine at home?

Anyone experiencing symptoms of the COVID-19 illness such as tiredness, fever and a dry cough should stay at home and call their family doctor or telemedicine centre. If an infection with coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is suspected, you will need to be tested. If the lab confirms a case of infection, the infected person will be isolated in accordance with the regulations of their cantonal medical service. In otherwise healthy people, an infection may cause only mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. In this case, it is enough to self-isolate at home for ten days. Anyone who has been in close contact with an infected person should also go into quarantine for ten days.

Who carries the costs if I have to go to the hospital or into quarantine?

All medical treatment and any measures prescribed by a doctor are covered by basic health insurance. The usual out-of-pocket expenses (deductible and coinsurance) apply.

What is the difference between quarantine and isolation?

The Swiss Federal Office of Public Health makes a distinction between self-isolation and self-quarantine. Self-isolation is required when an affected person shows symptoms that may be due to a coronavirus infection (e.g. dry cough and fever). To prevent transmission of the virus to others, this person should remain at home – as long as their general health allows. They should remain self-isolated for 48 hours after the symptoms have resolved, as long as at least 10 days have passed since the onset of symptoms. Anyone who has been in close contact with an affected person should also self-quarantine at home for 10 days.

The most important rule is to avoid any type of contact with other people. The Federal Office of Public Health has issued the following guidance on self-quarantine:

One-person households

  • Family members, friends or delivery services should deliver food and other important products like medication by leaving them outside the door.

Multi-person households

  • The quarantined person should set themselves up in a room and keep the door closed at all times. They must take their meals in this room and avoid all visits and any type of contact. They may only leave the room when necessary.
  • They absolutely must wash their hands or use hand sanitizer regularly.
  • The infected person should not share household items such as glasses, cups, plates, cutlery, towels or bedding with anyone else. Any household items used by the infected person must be washed carefully in the dishwasher or washing machine.
  • Clothes, bedding and towels must be washed regularly in a washing machine.

Where does quarantine take place?

If a person falls ill, people in their immediate environment must go into quarantine – if possible at home. This means that they must stay at home for the period of time recommended by the Federal Council and not leave the house. Additionally, people who have been to high-risk areas can be put under quarantine to protect the rest of society from the risk of infection. People under quarantine are not allowed to go shopping. The local authorities are responsible for providing them with food.

People who do not comply with quarantine regulations can be legally prosecuted.

Who carries the cost of coronavirus testing?

As of 25 June 2020, the Swiss government will cover the cost of coronavirus tests. This includes testing for the coronavirus infection as well as serological tests to detect antibodies.

What can I do if I had to shake hands with someone and am now sick?

The Federal Office of Public Health’s behavioural recommendations do not carry the force of law, so no one can be held legally liable. It is therefore important – and not at all rude – to avoid shaking hands. Equally important are the other FOPH recommendations such as regular hand-washing or use of hand sanitizer, and observing the 1.5-metre distance rule outside your home. You are advised to wear a face mask if you cannot observe this rule.

Is there such thing as coronavirus insurance?

This type of insurance is usually a scam (in German only). Medical treatment is covered by mandatory basic health insurance, minus out-of-pocket expenses (deductible and coinsurance). If you plan to take out some other kind of policy that supposedly covers coronavirus, you should check the general conditions of insurance. As a rule, current claims are usually excluded for new policyholders.

Am I already insured against coronavirus even though I haven’t yet received the policy?

If you plan to take out some other kind of policy that supposedly covers coronavirus, you should check the general conditions of insurance. As a rule, current claims are usually excluded for new policyholders. Mandatory basic health insurance is the only insurance that covers all the obligatory medical services stipulated in the Health Insurance Act (KVG/LAMal) from the time the policy is taken out, without a waiting period.

I’ve had coronavirus and have recovered with no complications. Do I still need to follow the recommendations of the Federal Council?

At the moment, you can assume that you have some immunity for a period of time following recovery, although some people have become infected a second time. You should still adhere to the rules though to avoid giving the impression that the rules no longer apply.

Since protective equipment has become scarce and therefore more expensive during coronavirus, are doctors and hospitals allowed to pass on these higher costs?

They can charge for it according to the Tarmed tariff system. Equipment costs in excess of three francs must be reimbursed by the health insurer, minus the deductible or the 10% coinsurance payment if the annual deductible has been reached. If the service provided by the doctor or hospital is charged at a flat rate, any extra costs may not be charged, whether they were incurred by coronavirus or not.

FAQs: travel and events

In light of the coronavirus outbreak, I would like to cancel a trip I've booked. Is that possible?

If you have taken out cancellation expenses insurance, you can cancel your trip without losing money. However, the insurance must cover pandemics or epidemics. You are also usually covered if the government has issued a travel warning for the region you were planning to visit. Here is a list of current travel warnings. Another reason is if you cannot go to the resort you have booked because it has been closed, for instance. In this case, the travel agency must reimburse the costs, arrange to postpone the trip or offer an alternative. Of course, you can simply cancel just because you are worried, but you won’t get any money back. Cancellation expenses insurance will not cover your costs in this case. 

My package holiday has been cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic. Can I get my money back?

Travel agencies can either give you a voucher to be redeemed against a future holiday, refund the money or postpone the trip. If the future trip is more expensive, you do not need to pay the extra; if it is cheaper, the agency must pay you the difference. You can choose whether to accept the voucher or get a refund. Given the current circumstances, you should accept that it may take some time. The reason for this is that the airlines do not reimburse travel agencies for cancelled flights straight away. Parliament has now decided that airlines receiving government support must reimburse travel agencies for flights that did not take place by 30 September. Customers will therefore only be able to reclaim their money from October onwards.

I booked my holiday online and paid for the flight, hotels and hire car etc. separately. Can I get my money back?

This is more complicated than with a package holiday. You will have to request and check the cancellation conditions of each company separately. Some flight tickets, purchased from Swiss, for example, can be refunded. It depends on the refund policy. Non-refundable tickets cannot be cancelled if the flight is taking place. You can, however, rebook. If the flight did not take place, you can cancel or postpone the flight free of charge. Here is the refund form for Swiss flights. 

For hotel bookings and car hire, you first need to clarify whether you will get a partial or a full refund. Experience shows that these companies are usually accommodating. If you have cancellation expenses insurance, you should first contact the travel agency to cancel your holiday, and then ask for statement of cancellation costs. The insurance company will refund the difference if the reason for cancellation is an insured event. Some insurers will pay out even when their general conditions of insurance do not oblige them to. 

I cancelled my holiday before the crisis because I was worried about coronavirus. Is there any chance of me getting my money back?

Your chances are slim, as the cancellation conditions will apply. You can try to ask for your money back though, as some operators are showing more goodwill in the current situation.

What should I bear in mind if I am planning a trip or wish to book one now?

The borders between Switzerland and EU and EFTA countries have been open since 15 June. Find out what conditions apply in your destination country before you travel. If you want to book a trip, you should choose a package holiday if you can. You have better legal protection with this kind of deal thanks to the Federal Act on Package Travel. Try to book with service providers who allow you to cancel shortly before departure.

If you do not yet have any cancellation expenses insurance, you can consider taking out the travel insurance usually offered by the travel agent or tour operator. But don't forget to check the small print to make sure pandemics and epidemics are covered. Note also that some insurers exclude risks associated with coronavirus for new customers. Comparis recently produced an analysis on this subject (in German and French only).

As of 6 July, anyone entering Switzerland from countries or regions where there is a high risk of infection must go into quarantine for ten days. The Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) updates the list of affected countries and regions on an ongoing basis. Upon arrival from these countries, travellers must report to the cantonal authorities. Before taking a trip abroad, find out whether your destination is on the FOPH list.

Who pays if I am stuck somewhere and cannot get back to Switzerland?

People who live in Switzerland are generally responsible for their return trip themselves. They will have to pay any additional costs for hotels and return flights. If it was a package holiday, the travel agency or tour operator will help organize the return journey. Sometimes the agency will cover the cost of any additional overnight stays. Some cancellation expenses insurance policies will also cover the cost up to the sum insured stated in the policy. 

I planned a wedding with a large number of guests. Who will cover the money I lost because I had to cancel it due to the state of emergency?

If you took out wedding or event insurance, you need to check with your insurer to see whether your policy covers costs relating to epidemics or pandemics. This is not normally the case. It usually costs more to cancel a wedding than to postpone it. If you have a cancellation expenses insurance policy that also covers family members, you can at least try to claim back the cost of any trips you booked in connection with the wedding for you and anyone from your household – provided epidemics and pandemics are covered. First, however, you must contact the event organizer and ask for your costs to be refunded.

Can I still take out travel insurance?

Yes, you can do that at any time. However, the insurance policy will not cover trips you have already booked. Travel insurance invariably makes sense for expensive holidays and for people who travel a lot.It's a good idea to choose an insurance product that includes cover for risks associated with epidemics and pandemics, and does not contain specific exclusions for coronavirus and COVID-19. Comparis recently produced an analysis on this subject (in German and French only).

I have tickets for an event that is now not taking place because of the virus. Can I get the price of the ticket reimbursed?

Event organizers should reimburse the ticket price. They are currently working on different ways to do this. The best thing to do is visit the organizer's website. “Travel insurance” may cover the refund of event tickets up to the price stated in the policy, even if they are not part of an overall travel arrangement. Comparis recently produced an analysis on this subject (in German and French only).

You are advised to contact your insurance provider directly for more information. You can also ask the organizer whether it is possible to get a refund for the cost of the ticket.

If your ticket is not refunded, you can contact the consumer protection agency at info@konsumentenschutz.ch, mentioning “ticket refund”.

I took out ticket insurance for three francs when I purchased the ticket. Does this cover the cost of the ticket if the event is cancelled because of the virus?

With ticket insurance, you usually only get the ticket price refunded if you could not attend the event because you were ill (e.g. coronavirus), your bus or train was cancelled or delayed or you had an accident or a breakdown on the way. According to the insurance conditions, if the event was cancelled because of the event ban by the government, the ticket price cannot be refunded.

FAQs: property and moving home

Comparis answers your questions about whether and how to move home during the coronavirus crisis in this article on the subject of property and moving home.

FAQs: mortgages

How will the crisis affect mortgage rates? And how might it impact property prices in the long term? Is it worth investing in property in the current situation? Comparis has compiled some questions and answers on the subject of coronavirus and mortgages for you.

FAQs: mobility

I need a car for the next few weeks. What are my options?

If you need a car quickly and don't want to be tied into a long-term agreement, a car subscription is a good choice. With a subscription, you pay for access to a vehicle, including insurance, services, repairs, tyres, taxes and even the motorway tax sticker – all at a fixed monthly price. In addition, a car subscription, unlike a lease, only ties you into a short minimum contract period. So if in a couple of months’ time, you find you don't need the car any more, you can return it after giving 30 days’ notice. Some providers will deliver the vehicle straight to your home.

FAQs: finances and pensions

Why are stock markets recovering so quickly and how sustainable is this development?

After stock prices plunged in March, markets are rallying significantly, with some even reaching record highs. Whether this represents sustained recovery or a so-called bear market rally will only become clear with time. A bear market rally is when stock prices increase sharply during a longer-term period of decline. The gradual easing of the lockdown, government rescue packages and hopes for a speedy economic recovery worldwide are currently driving the markets. Low interest rates continue to bolster stock prices. This confidence can soon turn to disappointment, however, should the world experience a second unexpectedly severe coronavirus wave. The number of new infections is now increasing worldwide.

My pillar 3a pension is invested in shares, which have now dropped significantly in value. Should I sell them now?

History shows that investments in shares yield a greater return over the long term than other forms of investment such as conventional savings accounts. Stock markets have suffered major losses in the past but have recovered again over time. Investors with long investment horizons should not overreact. Note also that saving smaller amounts on a regular basis helps balance out exchange rate fluctuations better. Experts call this the “cost average effect”. This means that you buy more shares when prices are falling than when prices are rising. This reduces the risk of investing at the wrong time and paying too high a price for the entire assets invested.

FAQs: digital communications

Can I still order products from Wish or AliExpress?

It depends on the duration and intensity of the coronavirus pandemic. Given that up to 90% of electronic components are produced in China, the coronavirus crisis is set to have a major impact on the globalized world. The Wish portal, known for importing cheap products directly from China, saw its delivery times increase significantly at the beginning of the coronavirus crisis in the spring. Now, global supply chains have recovered to some extent and most goods from the Far East are arriving here on time. However, there are still some supply bottlenecks now and again.

How often should I clean my smartphone?

We tap on our mobile phones hundreds of times a day, so they are teeming with germs and bacteria. You should therefore clean your phone regularly – not just because of coronavirus, though this makes it especially important to do so. You should clean it once or twice a day. The best way is to wipe the phone carefully using a cleaning cloth with warm water and a little washing-up liquid. Dry it with an absorbent cloth and apply a little disinfectant spray. Avoid using very strong cleaning fluids as they can damage the oil-resistant coating on the display.

Remember:

  • Don't put your phone on possible sources of infection such as a toilet or a table on the train.
  • Clean your smartphone once or twice a day.
  • Try to keep your phone on you as much as possible.

Telecommunications providers are supplying the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) with mobile tracking data. Is that legal?

Yes, according to the Federal Council, the analysis of mobile data is important for monitoring population behaviour. It helps the FOPH to establish whether its instructions are being followed. The data used is not personal data and is not provided in real time. At the FOPH, only one person is permitted to access this data, and the Federal Council has promised that no third parties will be allowed to view it.

How do tracking or tracing apps work and do I have to install one?

The SwissCovid tracing app has been available for download since 25 June. This app will alert you if you have been closer than 1.5 metres to an infected person for more than 15 minutes within a 24-hour period. Of course, for this to work, the infected person must report the positive test result in the app. Researchers from the Federal Institutes of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) and Zurich (ETH) made a significant contribution to the development of the app. The app can be used to warn people who have been in contact with an infected person so that they can be tested. The data is made anonymous in accordance with data privacy requirements and stored locally on the person’s smartphone. Google and Apple have now also adopted the principle of evaluating data anonymously and locally on users’ smartphones, and have integrated the function in their mobile operating systems.

Use of the SwissCovid app is optional in Switzerland. Over 90% of the Swiss population has a smartphone with the Bluetooth function activated for their smartwatches or headphones. Many will recognize the personal benefits of a tracing app. Some 60-70% of the population need to be using the app for it to have a meaningful effect. However, even with fewer users, the virus transmission rate can be kept below one (one further infection per infected person) without a lockdown if the protective rules of the FOPH also continue to be observed.

Miscellaneous

Can my pets (dogs, cats etc.) catch coronavirus?

So far, it has not been established whether cats and dogs can become infected by or transmit the virus. However, scientists estimate the risk to be very low. If a pet lives in the same home as someone with coronavirus, there is a chance it may become infected or contaminated with the virus. The pets themselves show no symptoms of the illness, i.e. they don't get sick.

The FOPH advises all pet owners who are isolated at home because of the virus to avoid contact with their pets and arrange for a healthy person to look after them. Cats and dogs from a quarantined household do not require special washing or disinfecting. Of course, you should always wash your hands after handling a pet.

Do I have to pay my childcare costs if the childcare centre closes or I decide to look after my child at home?

In cantons where parents are voluntarily taking care of their children at home, these parents must pay their contribution. This is because the childcare centres are open as usual and fixed costs such as wages and rent must still be paid. The government has stated that it is up to the cantons and municipalities to decide on whether to provide financial support. For more information, see: Swiss Childcare Association (in German, French and Italian only)

No leisure activities (karate lessons, football training, music schools etc.) were allowed to take place. Some organizations provided information to enable courses to continue at home. In these conditions, do I have to keep paying the course fees?

These contracts are based on a service being provided for a fee. If a customer has already paid the course fees but cannot make use of the service, either fully or partially (information material with instructions) and due to no fault of either party, the customer is entitled to a full or partial refund of the fees paid. The course provider can stipulate more precise arrangements in their general terms and conditions or in the contract. In this specific case, a portion of the course fees should be paid.

However, as of 6 June, training sessions and courses are once again permitted, with no limit on the number of participants in a group. Hygiene and distance rules (1.5 metres) must still be observed. For sporting activities involving close physical contact, training sessions are only permitted for established teams.

Where do I have to wear a face mask?

The Federal Council made mask wearing compulsory on public transport as of 6 July. This rule does not apply to children under the age of twelve. However, it still does not want to make mask wearing generally compulsory in public places. The reason given is that face masks protect other people to a greater degree than those wearing them. Masks should therefore only be used in combination with distancing and hygiene rules. Industries are obliged to put protective measures in place when they open their individual businesses. These could involve the use of masks. Some cantons have extended the mask requirement to shops, set the limit on public gatherings to less than 1,000 people or are calling for stricter ID checks in clubs and bars. Here is the most recent overview of measures (in German).

Where can I buy masks?

Chemists and online stores now sell basic hygiene masks.

Can I make my own mask?

The Federal Council advises against making your own textile mask. Commercially produced textile masks should comply with the recommendations of the Science Task Force Covid.

When can I go abroad to shop again?

Border shopping has been possible in all neighbouring countries since 15 June.

Will businesses that do not observe coronavirus rules be fined?

Yes. Anyone breaching the COVID ban on events can be fined or imprisoned for up to three years. The current rules in the area of sales also fall under this event ban.

Which measures apply in the individual cantons?

Due to the increasing number of cases, some cantons have introduced stricter measures to help contain the virus. This table shows which rules apply in the different cantons (information only available in the language(s) of the cantons).

Canton Mask requirement in shops  ID checks in clubs and bars  Limited number of people in restaurants* Limit on public gatherings 
Aargau No  Yes  Yes  No 
Appenzell Ausserrhoden No  No  No  No 
Appenzell Innerrhoden No  No  No  No 
Basel Landschaft No  Yes Yes  No 
Basel-Stadt Yes  Yes  Yes  No 
Bern No  Yes  No  No 
Fribourg Yes  Yes  No  Yes 
Geneva Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 
Glarus No  Yes  No  No 
Graubünden No  Yes  No  No 
Jura Yes No  No  No 
Lucerne No  Yes Yes  Yes 
Neuchâtel Yes  Yes  No  No 
Nidwalden No  No  No  No 
Obwalden No No  No  No 
Schaffhausen No  Yes  No  No 
Schwyz No  No  No  No 
Solothurn From 3 Sept  Yes  Yes  No 

St. Gallen

No  No  No  No 
Ticino No  Yes  Yes  Yes 
Thurgau No  Yes  No  No 
Uri No  No  No  No 
Vaud  Yes  Yes  No  No
Valais  No  Yes  Yes  No
Zug  No  No  Yes   Yes
Zurich   Yes Yes Yes  Yes 

*Also includes clubs and bars

Essential links on the current situation

  • Latest updates from the FOPH
  • On this page, the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) provides daily updates on the status of coronavirus and details of how to protect yourself.

  • Travel information from the FDFA
  • If you are planning to travel, you can check this page of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) for information on the current situation in the destination country (in German, French and Italian only). There is a section dedicated to coronavirus.

  • Global situation from the WHO
  • The World Health Organization has created a dashboard collating all the information relating to the spread of the virus. It provides the latest data on confirmed cases and deaths.


Canton

Mask requirement in shops

ID checks in clubs and bars

Limited number of people in restaurants*

Limit on public gatherings

Canton

Mask requirement in shops

ID checks in clubs and bars

Limited number of people in restaurants*

Limit on public gatherings

Aargau

No

Yes

Yes

No

Aargau

No

Yes

Yes

No

Aargau

No

Yes

Yes

No

Aargau

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes